CAPE TOWN/LONDON — Capital investment in the oil and gas industry in Sub-Saharan Africa has been cut by $100 billion over the next five years, according to Wood Mackenzie’s latest report on upstream activity in the region. Major oil companies are heavily invested in Sub-Saharan Africa and account for the bulk of the cuts.
Femi Oso, senior research manager for Sub-Saharan Africa, Wood Mackenzie, said, “Exploration cuts in the region will also contribute to a longer-term production slump as explorers have shied away from greenfield prospects, in favor of appraising known discoveries. However, the confirmation of the giant Owowo discovery in deepwater Nigeria shows the quality of resources Sub-Saharan Africa still has to offer.”
“Governments in Sub-Saharan Africa need to revive the upstream oil and gas industry by offering attractive fiscal terms rather than look to increase state revenues in the current climate,” Oso added.
Key themes of Wood Mackenzie’s report on Sub-Saharan Africa include:
• Deepwater has suffered the deepest capex cuts due to its high break-even price relative to other sectors. Nigeria and Angola have endured the worst of these cuts. As a result, Sub-Saharan African liquids production will decline to 2.6 MMbpd by 2030, from 4.8 MMbpd presently.
• The mergers and acquisitions (M&A) market has slowed down. Buyers and sellers are unable to align on asset values due to oil-price volatility.
• Deal activity may see an uptick if prices remain low for longer, as companies opt to divest non-core assets.
• Mozambique, Angola and Nigeria lead in upstream M&A opportunities for players with deep pockets.
• Although exploration is down, it’s not out as better-financed explorers take calculated risks.
• Gas dominates recent exploration success, particularly in frontier basins, such as the Senegal-Bove in Mauritania and Senegal.
The biggest upstream success story in Sub-Saharan Africa is East Africa’s emergence as a gas region of global importance. With over 168 Tcf of gas found and limited regional demand, East Africa is on track to become a major global LNG supplier and various export projects are awaiting final investment decision.
“Mozambique and Tanzania’s LNG projects have remained relatively unscathed by cuts and will be timed to align with global LNG demand growth to achieve a better price,” explained Oso.
“The projects will appeal to buyers looking to diversify their portfolios, and BP has already committed to offtake all volumes from Eni’s Coral FLNG,” he added. “The expected increase in gas production in Sub-Saharan Africa, from 6 Bcfd currently to 13 Bcfd next decade, is very good news for the region.”
Onshore LNG plants remain the preferred way to monetize gas, although liquefaction via third-party-owned FLNG vessels is emerging as a simpler and less expensive alternative.
Floating storage regasification units (FSRU) and piped gas supply to the power sector will play an increasingly important role in the longer term as domestic markets develop from their very low base.